COMMON EUROPEAN FRAMEWORK OF REFERENCE FOR LANGUAGES
|Common European Framework of|
Reference for Languages (CEFR)
A – Elementary
Beginners are able to understand and use daily routine expressions and basic phrases aimed at basic communication. They can introduce themselves and others and are able to ask and answer questions about personal details such as where they live, people they know and things they own. They can interact in a simple way, if the other person talks slowly and clearly and is willing to help.
Pre-intermediates are able to communicate with others on simple, daily tasks that require an easy and direct exchange of information on familiar and common matters. They can describe, with the use of simple words, aspects of their life and immediate environment; they are able to express what is essential.
B – Autonomy
Intermediates understand the main points of familiar matters concerning school, leisure time etc. They are able to face most situations likely to be encountered while travelling in a country where that language is spoken. They can produce a simple text on personal and familiar topics. They are able to describe experiences and events, dreams, hopes and ambitions and briefly explain their personal opinions and plans.
Upper-intermediates understand the main ideas of complex texts on both concrete and abstract topics, including technical discussions in their field of specialization. They can fluently and spontaneously interact, being able to have an interaction with native speakers without struggling. They are able to produce a clear and detailed essay on a wide range of subjects and explain an opinion on current issues, giving the pros and cons on various options.
C – Proficiency
They understand a wide range of complex and long texts, and recognize implicit meanings as well. They are able to express ideas fluently and spontaneously without constantly searching for suitable words. They can flexibly and efficiently use the language for social, academic and professional purposes. They are able to produce clear, well-structured and detailed essays on complex subjects as well.
They easily understand everything they hear or read. They are able to summarise information from different spoken and written sources, rearranging it in a coherent presentation. They can spontaneously, very fluently and precisely express themselves, recognizing subtlety in meanings even in complex situations.
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